Glossary of Terms

Below is a list of commonly and not so commonly used terms. If you click on that word or phrase, you will be shown its definition. Thanks for your interest, and please be sure to visit again soon.

 

A
Abrasive Wear
Acid Dyeable Nylon
Adipic Acid
Aesthetics
Affinity
Air Entangling
Amine End Groups
Antimicrobial
Antistatic properties
Antron® nylon
Antron® Legacy nylon
Antron Lumena® solution dyed nylon
Atmospheric fading test
Autoclave
Average Pile Density
Axminster


B
Back coating
Backing
Backing fabric
Backing systems
Bale
BCF yarn
Beam
Beck Dye
Bleeding
Blend
Blending
Bright
Broadloom
Bulk Development
Bulking


C
Cabled yarn
Caprolactam
Carding
Carothers (Dr. Wallace)
Carpet Tile
Cationic Dyeable nylon
Cleanability
Color Matching
Colorfastness
Commercial matching
Commingled yarn
Computer Grade Carpet
Construction
Continuous Dyeing
Continuous Filament
Continuous Heatsetting
Converter
Cotton Count
Creel
Crimp
Crockfastness
Crocking
Cross section
Crushing
Curvilinear crimp
Cushion backed carpet
Cut and loop pile
Cut pile


D
Delamination
Delustering
Denier
Density
Differential Dyeability
Dimensional Stability
Doff
Doffing
Drawing
Drop match
DSDN® solution dyed nylon®
Duracolor®
DuraTech® soil resistant treatment
Dye Lot
Dye Methods
Dye Sites


E
End
ESD (Electrostatic Discharge) carpet
Extra Heavy Traffic
Extrusion


F
Face weight
Fadeometer
Fading
Fading tests
Fiber
Fiber engineering
Fiber shape
Fiber size
Filament
Filament count
Finishing
Flame Resistance Tests
Flame-resistant
Fluorine analysis
Fluorochemical
Foot traffic units
Frames
Frieze
Fusion Bonding
Fuzzing


G
Gaugepitch
Graphics machine
Greige goods
Grinning


H
Hand
Heather
Heatsetting
Heavy Traffic
Heddle
Hexamethylene diamine
Hexapod drum test
Hollow filament fibers
Hybrid carpet


I
Internal Dye Variability
International Gray Scale for Color Change
International Gray Scale for Staining
INVISTA
ISO (International Standards Organization)


J
J-cut
Jet
Jute


K
Knitting
Kuster


L
Latex
Level loop pile
Light traffic
Lightfastness
Loop pile
Luster


M
Matting
Melting point
Methenamine pill test
Moderate traffic
Modified delta cross section
Modular carpet or tile
Monofilament
Multifilament
Multilevel loop pile

N
Nonwoven
Nylon
Nylon flake (or chip)
Nylon type 6
Nylon type 6,6


O
Olefin fiber
Optimum twist
Ozone fading


P
Packaged dyed
Pad-dyed
Parallel spinning
Pattern match
Pattern streaks
Patterned loop
Picks per inch
Piece dyed
Pigment
Pigmented yarns
Pile
Pile crush
Pile height
Pile reversal
Pile thickness
Pile weight
Pile yarn
Pilling
Pill test
Pin drafter
Pitch
Plush
Ply
Polyester fiber
Polymer
Polymerization
Polypropylene
Post-dyed
Pre-dyed
Primary backing
Printed carpet
Producer-colored pigment


Q

R
Radiant panel test
Random sheared
Red 40 Stain Scale
Repeat
Resilience
Rows or wires


S
Sawtooth crimp
Saxony
Secondary backing
Selvage
Set match
Shading
Shearing
Singles yarn
Skein dyed yarn
Sliver
Smoke chamber test
Soil hiding
Soil resistance
Solution dyed
Space dyed
Spinnerette
Spinning
Spun yarn
Stain resistance
Staple fiber
Static control
Static control test
Static shock
Stitches per inch
Stock dyed
Suessen
Superba
Surface area
Surface energy
Synthetic fiber


T
Tensile strength
Texture
Texture retention
Textured loop
Texturizing
Tip definition
Tip shearing
Titanium dioxide (TiO2)
Total weight
Tow
Tuft
Tuft bind
Tufted carpet
Tufting
Turns per inch
Turns per tuft
Twist
Two-ply


U
Unitary
Urethane


V
Velvet carpet
Vettermann drum test
Vinyl


W
Warp
Watermarking
Weaving
Weft
Wilton
Wires
Wool
Woolen spinning
Worsted spinning
Woven backing
Woven carpet


X
Xenon arc lamp
XTI® nylon


Y
Yarn
Yarn count
Yarn dyeing
Yarn ply
Yarn size
Yarn weight


Z
Zippering